by David P. Bell on Jun 14, 2018 Birth Certificate
Birth certificates also demonstrate the prevalence of female_headed households. In Jamaica, the father's name is not listed on a third of birth certificates. In Kenya, until fairly recently, it was customary to write "XXXX" in place of the father's name for children born to unmarried parents. The term "legitimate" was finally removed from American birth certificates in 1979.
Some logistical hurdles have been tackled with more funding and resources to vital registration systems, or by making registration more convenient for parents. For instance, Tanzanian parents can register their children via text message, and mobile clinics in Indonesian villages bring birth certificates to new parents. The governance and trust issues, however, are more challenging to address.