by Kristina F. Singh on Jun 13, 2018 Birth Certificate
Sometimes the state sees, and documents, its citizens differently than how they see themselves. Gender identity is one such area. In some places, transgender advocates have come under fire for proposals to make gender markers and names optional or amendable on birth certificates.
Birth certificates also demonstrate the prevalence of female_headed households. In Jamaica, the father's name is not listed on a third of birth certificates. In Kenya, until fairly recently, it was customary to write "XXXX" in place of the father's name for children born to unmarried parents. The term "legitimate" was finally removed from American birth certificates in 1979.