by Frank M. Groves on Jun 14, 2018 Uncategorized
But these examples are outliers. In some places, gender markers on birth certificates can only be changed following gender_reassignment surgery. In many others, even that option is disallowed. This creates a situation where an adult whose gender identity isn't reflected on their birth certificate might also be stuck with their birth_certificate gender on all the other official identity markers that are derived from it, such as ID cards and passports.
For that reason, the birth certificate becomes the first object most people own. Bound up in official identity and personal relationships, its stakes are high. Doubting the accuracy or provenance of a birth certificate can cause shock waves that ripple out to years or even decades later. The "birther" conspiracy during Barack Obama's first presidential candidacy is a notable example. Donald Trump and others claimed that Barack Obama hadn't been born in the United States and thus was ineligible for the presidency. The birth certificate is a battleground for debates about parentage, gender, identity, and governmental responsibility.