by Frank M. Groves on Jun 13, 2018 Uncategorized
Birth certificates also demonstrate the prevalence of female_headed households. In Jamaica, the father's name is not listed on a third of birth certificates. In Kenya, until fairly recently, it was customary to write "XXXX" in place of the father's name for children born to unmarried parents. The term "legitimate" was finally removed from American birth certificates in 1979.
A recent controversy over birth certificates in Arkansas demonstrates that these slips of paper are imbued with political and social meaning. In 2015, a married couple, Marisa and Terrah Pavan, had their first child, who was conceived through sperm donation. The Arkansas Department of Health, or ADH, listed only Terrah, who gave birth to their daughter, on the baby's birth certificate. This was contrary to state law, under which the spouse of the birth mother also is automatically listed.